New OAB App

14 02 2014

Here’s a useful free app to understand Overactive bladder.  Check it out!

Home Page.





PSA Manager on the App Store on iTunes

5 02 2014

Check this out, very handy!

PSA Manager on the App Store on iTunes.





Could Heavy Coffee Drinking Help Men Battle Prostate Cancer?

27 08 2013

Could Heavy Coffee Drinking Help Men Battle Prostate Cancer?.

 

I knew it!





Fish oils may raise prostate cancer risks, study confirms – NBC News.com

17 07 2013

Fish oils may raise prostate cancer risks, study confirms – NBC News.com.





Is Prostate Cancer Screening Right For You?

7 07 2013

The American Urological Association and the Urology Care foundation just came out with this brochure to help patients decided about PSA testing.





AUA Releases New Guidelines for PSA Screening

4 05 2013

The American Urological Association (AUA) has issued new guidelines for prostate cancer screenings. The guidelines were developed from a systematic literature review to ensure that men most likely to benefit from detection are screened and to encourage shared decision-making between the patient and physician.

The new guidelines state:

  • Men 55– 69 years of age who are considering PSA screening should now speak with their physician about the benefits and harms of testing to determine the best course of action.
  • PSA screening is not recommended for men <40 years of age, men at average risk between the ages of 40–54 or those >70 years old or with less than 10–15 years life expectancy.
  • Men outside the age range of 55– 69 years who are at higher risk of prostate cancer (race, family history, etc.) should still speak to their physician about the benefits and harms of testing.
  • To reduce the harms of screening, a routine screening interval of two years or more may be preferred over annual screening in those men who have participated in shared decision-making and decided on screening.

In 2009, the AUA best practices statement had recommended that men >40 years old (in good health with more than 10–15 years of life expectancy), and men at high risk speak to their physician about prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening. Unlike the new guidelines, these recommendations were based more on consensus opinion rather than systematic literature review. 

PSA screening has played a part in decreasing prostate cancer mortality, but screening without clearly targeting those who are most likely to benefit can result in over diagnosis and treatment, potentially causing more harm than good. 





Know Your Stats!

31 01 2013

Great resource for “all things prostate”.  Check it out!

via Know Your Stats || Resources.





Post prostatectomy Radiation, Does it Help?

10 01 2013

Adjuvant (post operative) Radiotherapy for High-Risk Prostate Cancer

At median follow-up of 10.6 years, postoperative radiotherapy improved biochemical progression-free survival (PSA undetectable), but not clinical disease progression.

The goal of adjuvant radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy is to sterilize the prostatic bed and, in selected settings, regional nodes to decrease the potential for local recurrence and, ultimately, reduce the systemic spread of the disease and improve survival. Recent randomized trials have shown that in patients with T3 disease or positive surgical margins, postoperative radiotherapy to the surgical bed improves local control and biochemical (prostate-specific antigen) progression-free survival (PFS).

One of these trials, by the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG), demonstrated that adjuvant radiotherapy versus observation significantly reduced risk for distant metastases and improved overall survival (J Urol 2009; 181:956). However, another one, by the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) did not show such an overall survival benefit. The EORTC study reported results after a median 5-year follow-up of 1005 patients (age, ≤75) with pathologic stage PT2-3,N0 and at least one of the following risk factors: positive surgical margins, capsular perforation, or seminal vesicle invasion (Lancet 2005; 366:572).

Now, after a median 10.6 years of follow-up, the EORTC investigators report that patients who received adjuvant radiotherapy versus observation continued to achieve improved biochemical PFS (the primary end point) with similar severe late toxicity. Patients who received radiotherapy also achieved improved local–regional control and were less likely to receive subsequent hormonal treatment. However, no intergroup differences were observed in either overall survival or distant metastases, and the initial observation of a significant improvement in clinical disease progression was not maintained. Patients with pT3 disease and positive surgical margins achieved the greatest benefit from adjuvant radiotherapy.

Comment: The discordant findings of the EORTC and SWOG studies on overall survival continue to be the subject of debate, and the larger clinical issue regarding the role of immediate adjuvant radiotherapy versus salvage radiotherapy was not addressed, though it is the subject of ongoing clinical trials. As noted by editorialists, the EORTC trial showed that adjuvant radiotherapy resulted in acceptable long-term morbidity and quality of life as well as reduced the use of subsequent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by half, although the timing and clinical setting in which ADT is administered remains controversial.

 Robert Dreicer, MD, MS, FACP

Published in Journal Watch Oncology and Hematology November 13, 2012

CITATION:

Bolla M et al. Postoperative radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy for high-risk prostate cancer: Long-term results of a randomised controlled trial (EORTC trial 22911). Lancet 2012 Oct 19; [e-pub ahead of print]. [PubMed® abstract]





AUA issues new guidelines for Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria

29 10 2012

http://wp.me/p2rYp6-G





Actos and Bladder Cancer

14 08 2012

I get a lot of questions about this. Here is a link to a recent study which shows an increase in relative risk in those on Actos

http://www.epocrates.com/dacc/1207/pioglitazonebladdercancerBMJ1207.pdf

Conclusion: Those with Type 2 DM have an increased risk if taking Actos.